How to tell if someone has a concussion

How do pupils look when you have a concussion?

After more serious head injuries are excluded, a diagnosis of concussion can be made. Medical professionals have long used the pupillary light reflex — usually in the form of a penlight test where they shine a light into a patient’s eyes — to assess severe forms of brain injury.

What are the 7 signs of a concussion?

You may have some symptoms of concussions immediately, and some can occur for days after the injury, such as: Concentration and memory complaints. Irritability and other personality changes. Sensitivity to light and noise.

Symptoms
  • Headache.
  • Ringing in the ears.
  • Nausea.
  • Vomiting.
  • Fatigue or drowsiness.
  • Blurry vision.

How can you tell if someone else has a concussion?

Always seek medical attention if you suspect that you or someone else has sustained a concussion.

Signs and symptoms
  1. Amnesia surrounding the traumatic event.
  2. Appearing dazed or confused.
  3. Delayed responses or slurred speech.
  4. Dizziness.
  5. Fatigue.
  6. Headache or feeling pressure in the head.
  7. Nausea or vomiting.
  8. Ringing in the ears.

Can I sleep after I hit my head?

Unless a doctor says the person needs further treatment, the injured person should sleep and rest. A concussion can be caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head or a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth.

Can you go to sleep with a concussion?

Medical experts once warned that people should stay awake if they had a concussion. They based this advice on the theory that sleeping with a concussion could cause a person to fall into a coma or even die. However, medical experts now agree that it is safe for a person to sleep if they have a concussion.

What are 5 signs of a concussion?

  • Headache or “pressure” in head.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Balance problems or dizziness, or double or blurry vision.
  • Bothered by light or noise.
  • Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy, or groggy.
  • Confusion, or concentration or memory problems.
  • Just not “feeling right,” or “feeling down”.

Can you test yourself for a concussion?

Since the symptoms of a concussion may vary, your doctor will likely order tests to determine whether your injury caused a concussion. You may also be able to conduct tests on your own at home while you‘re waiting for medical assistance.

How long should you stay awake after hitting your head?

However, surveys have shown that many people still believe you should stay awake for 24 hours after hitting your head. 1 In reality, sleep may be the best remedy.

Should I go to ER for Concussion?

Should I Go to the Hospital for a Concussion? In general, any head injury associated with loss of consciousness, seizures, prolonged confusion or amnesia, neck pain, vomiting or numbness or weakness in arms or legs should be transported to the emergency room in an ambulance right away.

Should I go to hospital if I hit my head?

When to go to hospital

Unconsciousness or lack of full consciousness, even if the person has now recovered. Any clear fluid running from the ears or nose. Bleeding from one or both ears. Bruising behind one or both ears.

Why should you not sleep with a concussion?

Sleeping cannot cause serious problems after a concussion. The danger is that when you are asleep, your family or your doctors are not likely to notice indications of serious brain damage — such as a seizure or weakness of one side of the body.

What do hospitals do for concussions?

1 Sometimes after a head injury, an overnight stay in the hospital for observation is advisable, but it’s rarely necessary. Only a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) would require an intervention such as surgery. In fact, the most effective prescription for a concussion is rest—total rest.

How do you treat a head injury at home?

People can often treat mild head injuries at home. Applying a cold pack to the area can help to reduce swelling. A person can also take Tylenol but should avoid non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and aspirin, unless a doctor prescribes them.

How do you know if a bump on the head is serious?

More serious symptoms may be seen along with concussions or underlying conditions and diseases including:
  1. Confusion.
  2. Clumsiness or trouble with coordination.
  3. Dizziness.
  4. Nausea and vomiting.
  5. Headaches.
  6. Speech, vision, or hearing impairment.
  7. Loss of consciousness.
  8. Discharge or blood coming from bump.

When should I worry about a concussion?

Repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsions or seizures (shaking or twitching). Unusual behavior, increased confusion, restlessness, or agitation. Loss of consciousness (passed out/knocked out). Even a brief loss of consciousness should be taken seriously.

What position should you sleep in with a concussion?

Make sure you are keeping yourself positioned as close to neutral as possible. This means keeping your head aligned with your spine, regardless if you’re lying on your side or on your back. If you’re lying on your side, you may need to use two pillows to keep your head elevated to the correct height.

How do hospitals check for concussion?

Your doctor may order imaging tests — such as MRI or CT scans — to make sure there’s no bruising or bleeding in your brain. To confirm a concussion diagnosis, your doctor will use the data from your: Exam and interview. ImPACT or other cognitive tests.

What if a concussion goes untreated?

A: Concussion left untreated can lead to long-term complications. Potential complications of a concussion include chronic headaches, memory problems, vertigo, and post-concussion syndrome, which is headaches, dizziness, mood swings, and brain fog that can continue for months or years after a concussion.

Does Tylenol work for concussions?

If you have a headache, acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) may ease the pain. Avoid taking other pain relievers such as aspirin or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) if you suspect you’ve had a concussion. These may increase the risk of bleeding.

Do you sleep more after a concussion?

Months after a concussion or other traumatic brain injury, you may sleep more hours, but the sleep isn’t restorative, a study suggests. People who sustain a concussion or a more severe traumatic brain injury are likely to have sleep problems that continue for at least a year and a half.