How to create exception class in sap abap

What is the use of exception class in SAP ABAP?

An Exception class is used to handle the discrepancies(exception) occurs during the execution a of program. Whenever an exception occurs, an object is created (known as an exception object). The attributes of this object would contain information about the error.

How do you create an exception class?

2. Writing your own exception class
  1. Create a new class whose name should end with Exception like ClassNameException.
  2. Make the class extends one of the exceptions which are subtypes of the java.
  3. Create a constructor with a String parameter which is the detail message of the exception.

What is Ooabap exception?

An exception is an event, which occurs during the execution of a program, that disrupts the normal flow of the program’s instructions. We can handle the exception with the help of Exception Classes. Concept of exception classes in ABAP.

How do you raise class-based exceptions?

Classbased exceptions can be declared in the interface of procedures. For local procedures, this is done using the addition RAISING of the statements METHODS and FORM. In Class Builder and Function Builder, this done by selecting exception classes when defining exceptions in the interface.

What happens if a class-based exception occurs?

If a classbased exception is not handled in a procedure, the system attempts to propagate it to the caller of the procedure. The exceptions that can be propagated from a procedure must be declared in its interface. The caller then knows which exceptions to expect from the procedure.

How do you raise exceptions in class in SAP ABAP?

If there are no entries in the table, the an excpetion should be raised and catched by the ABAP program that uses the class.
  1. Create an excepetion handler class. Create an excpetion handler class in SE24 called ZCX_CL_KUNDER_NO_ENTRIES.
  2. Use the class in the ABAP class.
  3. Catch the excepetion in an ABAP report.

How do I catch multiple exceptions in ABAP?

  1. In the implementation part, select the MULTI CATCH block where you want to catch the exceptions separately.
  2. Get the quick assist proposals by choosing Quick Fix from the context menu (shortcut Ctrl 1 ) or by using the Quick Assist view.
  3. Apply Split Multi Catch.

Which statement is used to catch all type of exception?

Catch block is used to catch all types of exception. The keyword “catch” is used to catch exceptions.

How do you catch exceptions in SAP?

A method implementation can raise an exception with RAISE EXCEPTION TYPE. The method caller can CATCH the exception in a TRY control structure and can access the exception object using INTO. The code executed in the TRY block is called the protected area.

How do you write a try catch in SAP ABAP?

DATA: oref TYPE REF TO cx_root, text TYPE string. TRY. Submit <your Report Name> with < parameters> and return. CATCH <the exception name> INTO oref.

How do you capture error messages in SAP?

ABAP – catch error messages from function modules
  1. that are sent using the statement MESSAGE without the addition RAISING,
  2. that are sent using the statement MESSAGE RAISING because no return code is assigned to them,
  3. that are sent by the ABAP runtime environment.

How do you raise exceptions in SAP function module?

RAISING EXCEPTION_1 syntax to raise the exception. In this test application, we have a test function module which will give us the SUM of the numbers provided as input. We want to raise the exception if the number1 (IF_NUM1) is not provided. We can raise the exception by message addition RAISING exception_name.

How do you handle errors in RFC?

For class-based exception handling in your function call use TRY/CATCH syntax instead of the EXCEPTIONS block. It is also possible to handle classic exceptions with class-based exception handling. There are however a few semantic considerations in the RFC field with regard to local function calls.

Where can I find RFC logs in SAP?

Use transaction code RSRFCTRC to directly display the RFC trace logs in your SAP system. The good thing about transaction code RSRFCTRC is, you can view multiple RFC trace log files in a single screen.

How do I check RFC logs?

On UNIX, the SAP RFC TRace file will be located in the <install_dir>/noapp/bin directory. On UNIX and Windows, the file will be called rfc26347_00707. trc. The numbers will be unique for each occurrence of the rfc trace log.

Can we call RFC from non SAP?

RFC programs for nonSAP systems can function as either the caller or the called program in an RFC communication. In the following, the functions that can be executed remotely will be called RFC functions , and the functions provided by the RFC API will be called RFC calls .