How to create xpath with multiple attributes

How do you handle multiple elements with the same XPath?

provide numbers to your xpath! For example if both text fields have //input[@id=’something’] then you can edit the first field xpath as (//input[@id=’something’])[1] and the second field’s xpath as (//input[@id=’something’])[2] in object repository.

Which XPath syntax is correct to identify a web element using multiple attributes?

Identify element using multiple attributes

Using xpath : – //*[@id=’email’ or @name=’email’] , here first it will check for the id and then it will check for the second.

How do you write two Xpaths together?

In order to combine two XPath statements we have to use | operator. So lets enter the combined XPath statement //p[@id=’para1′] | //p[@id=’para2′] into the XPath field and click on ‘Eval’ button as shown below: 7.

How do I write XPath for text contains?

WebElement searchItemByText = driver. findElement(By. xpath(“//*[@id=’popover-search’]/div/div/ul/li[1]/a/span[contains(text()=’Some text‘)]”));

Why * is used in XPath?

Below mentioned : XPatht’s for Gmail Password field are true what is significance of * ? This would select all element nodes descending from the current node which @id -attribute-value is equal to ‘Passwd’. This would select all child-element nodes named input which @type -attribute-values are equal to ‘password’.

How do I start with XPath?

4) Xpath Starts-with

In this method, the starting text of the attribute is matched to find the element whose attribute value changes dynamically. You can also find elements whose attribute value is static (not changes). and so on.. but the initial text is same. In this case, we use Start-with expression.

What is XPath explain with an example?

XPath is a major element in the XSLT standard. XPath can be used to navigate through elements and attributes in an XML document. XPath stands for XML Path Language. XPath uses “path like” syntax to identify and navigate nodes in an XML document.

How do you write XPath with beginning?

You can use the start-with in xpath to locate an attribute value that starts with a certain text. Just install these addons: Firebug and FirePath in Mozilla Firefox. Go to the link in firefox, and invoke firebug by using F12 key. Then select the FirePath.

What is XPath and its types?

XPath stands for XML(eXtensible Markup Language) Path. Using XPath we can navigate to any element in an XML document. Since XML is a component of HTML, so XPath’s can be used to find web elements on any web page. There are two types of XPath: 1.

What are the types of XPath?

There are two types of XPath:
  • Absolute XPath.
  • Relative XPath.

What are the methods of XPath?

Effective ways to use XPath in Selenium
  • Absolute Path. The simplest XPath locator example in Selenium is to provide the absolute path of an element in the DOM structure.
  • Relative Path. A relative path, or a double slash search, begins with double slashes.
  • Using attributes.
  • Logical operators in selections.
  • Using text.

Which XPath is faster?

CSSSelector Locator

CSS Selector is best option if web element has no ID and name. CSS is faster than XPath.

Which XPath is best?

Relative Xpaths are always preferred as they are not the complete paths from the root element. (//html//body). Because in future, if any webelement is added/removed, then the absolute Xpath changes. So Always use Relative Xpaths in your Automation.

Why XPath is not recommended?

The reason is that the infrastructure used to generate the XPath, doesn’t guarantee that the XPath will remain the same between two different executions. The recommended way would be to use id or any other stable element identifier, or to search for a parent element and then use the relative XPath from that element.

Which is faster XPath or ID?

Technically speaking, By.ID() is the faster technique because at its root, the call goes down to document. getElementById(), which is optimized by most browsers. But, finding elements using XPath is better for locating elements having complex selectors, and is no doubt the most flexible selection strategy.

Which locator is fastest in selenium?

Using ID Locator in Selenium WebDriver is the fastest and the most reliable among all the locators. ID’s are supposed to be unique to each element, making the ID locator as a dependable choice.

Is CSS faster than XPath?

Css allows only one directional flow which means the traversal is from parent to child only. Xpath is slower in terms of performance and speed. Css has better performance and speed than xpath.

Is XPath fast?

On a whole, Internet Explorer is slower than the other drivers, but between CSS and XPath it looks like XPath is actually faster than CSS. Chrome and Opera have some differences, albeit much smaller, but they sway in both directions. In some cases CSS is faster, and in others, XPath.

Is XPath slow?

The impact of XPath locators on performance depends on the Watir gem: When using Watir-Classic, using XPath will always be slower. When using Watir-Webdriver, using XPath does not have a negative performance impact. In some cases, XPath actually improves performance.

What is the difference between Dom and XPath?

Re: What is the difference between XPATH and DOM XML ? XPath is simply the ability to traverse nodes from XML and obtain information. It’s whole base is for information retrieval. DOM, whether XML or HTML, is based upon traversing for the purpose of reading or writing information.

What kind of characteristics that a good Xpath locator should possess?

  • Readability: Shorter is better, preferable with a clear unique name/id which describes this unique element on the page.
  • Maintainability: The structure of the locator should be so uniquely good that it does not need to be updated if the location of the element in the page changes.

Is xpath reliable?

Here, you can easily write XPath script/query to locate any element in the webpage. It is designed to allow the navigation of XML documents, with the purpose of selecting individual elements, attributes, or some other part of an XML document for specific processing. It also produces reliable locators.