What does distal mean in anatomy

What does distal mean in the body?

(DIS-tul) In medicine, refers to a part of the body that is farther away from the center of the body than another part. For example, the fingers are distal to the shoulder. The opposite is proximal.

What does distal mean in anatomical position?

Although the direction indicated by “proximal” and “distal” is always respectively towards or away from the point of attachment, a given structure can be either proximal or distal in relation to another point of reference. Thus the elbow is distal to a wound on the upper arm, but proximal to a wound on the lower arm.

What does proximal mean in anatomy?

nearer to
Proximal means nearer to the center (trunk of the body) or to the point of attachment to the body. If another reference point is given, such as the heart, the proximal point of another organ or extremity is the point closest to the heart, central rather than peripheral. Proximal is the opposite of distal.

Does distal mean far?

Anatomically located far from a point of reference, such as an origin or a point of attachment. Anatomically located far from a point of reference, such as an origin or a point of attachment. …

What is distal in medical terms?

Distal refers to sites located away from a specific area, most often the center of the body. In medicine, it refers to parts of the body further away from the center. For example, the hand is distal to the shoulder. The thumb is distal to the wrist. Distal is the opposite of proximal.

What is proximal and distal in anatomy?

Proximal – toward or nearest the trunk or the point of origin of a part (example, the proximal end of the femur joins with the pelvic bone). Distal – away from or farthest from the trunk or the point or origin of a part (example, the hand is located at the distal end of the forearm).

What is ventral in medical terms?

Medical Definition of ventral

1 : of or relating to the belly : abdominal. 2a : being or located near, on, or toward the lower surface of an animal (as a quadruped) opposite the back or dorsal surface. b : being or located near, on, or toward the front or anterior part of the human body.

What is the meaning of proximal and distal?

Proximal and distal: These two terms are almost always used in reference to relative locations of parts or places on the limbs. Proximal then refers to something closer to the torso while distal refers to parts and places away from the torso.

How do you use distal?

Is ventral the same as posterior?

On a human body, dorsal (i.e., posterior) refers to the back portion of the body, whereas ventral (i.e., anterior) refers to the front part of the body.

What is a thoracic in medical terms?

Thoracic: Pertaining to the chest. For example, the thoracic aorta is the part of the aorta that lies within the chest.

What is the difference between anterior and ventral?

The term anterior means ‘towards the front‘ while the term ventral means ‘on or relating to the stomach of the animal or plant”.

What is the difference between distal and inferior?

As adjectives the difference between inferior and distal

is that inferior is of lower quality while distal is (anatomy|geology) remote from the point of attachment or origin; as, the distal end of a bone or muscle.

What is trunk of the body?

The torso of the human body, from the neck to the groin — but not including the head, neck, arms, or legs — is sometimes referred to as the trunk. If you have hives on your trunk, you probably itch on your back, chest and abdomen.

Is the elbow distal to the wrist?

Distal: farther away from a point of reference or attachment (ex: the elbow is distal to the shoulder or the wrist is distal to the elbow.

Are toes distal to the ankle?

b. 0 0 The toes are (proximal or distal) to the ankles The scalp is superficial or deep) to skull The diaphragm is (superior or inferior to the lungs The heart is superior or inferior] to the diaphragm. … The fingers are [proximal or distal) to the hand.

What is posterior and anterior?

posterior (at the back of the uterus) anterior (at the front of the uterus) on the side of the uterus.

Is the knee distal or proximal to the ankle?

The knee is proximal to the ankle.

Is the elbow proximal or distal to the hand?

Your elbow is closer to your torso than your hand. Therefore your elbow is “proximal” when compared to your hand.

Is the leg distal to the thigh?

The thigh is that portion of the lower limb located between the hip joint and knee joint. The leg is specifically the region between the knee joint and the ankle joint. Distal to the ankle is the foot. … The patella is the kneecap and articulates with the distal femur.

What is distal to the knee?

The ankle is distal to the knee.