How do you create a subdirectory?

To help keep your emails organized, you can create subfolders or personal folders by using the New Folder tool.
  1. Click Folder > New Folder.
  2. Type your folder name in the Name text box.
  3. In the Select where to place the folder box, click the folder under which you want to place your new subfolder.
  4. Click OK.

How do I create a subdirectory in terminal?

LAB: make a subdirectory and then enter it
  1. open Terminal.
  2. make a new subdirectory using mkdir code.
  3. change into that directory using cd code.
  4. list its contents using ls (and note that it’s empty)

Which command creates a directory or subdirectory?

MS-DOS command is used to create a subdirectory is MKDIR. A subdirectory is a directory which is located within another directory.

How do you create a directory?

Create a folder in a directory
  1. Open Finder and navigate to the directory where you’d like to create the folder.
  2. Click File in the upper-left corner of the screen.
  3. Select New Folder in the drop-down menu that appears.
  4. Name the folder, and then press Return .

What is MD command?

Creates a directory or subdirectory. Command extensions, which are enabled by default, allow you to use a single md command to create intermediate directories in a specified path. This command is the same as the mkdir command.

What is MD in batch file?

md [new directory name]

What is MD in PowerShell?

mkdir is a function defined in PowerShell that uses New-Item cmdlet to create folder(s) and md is an alias to mkdir.

What does P mean in Linux?

Linux Directories mkdir –p

It will create parent directory first, if it doesn’t exist. But if it already exists, then it will not print an error message and will move further to create sub-directories. This command is most helpful in the case when you don’t know whether a directory alredy exists or not.

What is mkdir m in Linux?

The mkdir command in Linux/Unix allows users to create or make new directories. mkdir stands for “make directory.” With mkdir , you can also set permissions, create multiple directories (folders) at once, and much more.

What is P in command?

The “set” command can also accept input from a user as the value for a variable. The switch “/p” is used for this purpose. A batch file will wait for the user to enter a value after the statement set /p new_variable= When the user has entered the value, the script will continue.

What is P in Shell?

read is a bash built-in (not a POSIX shell command) that reads from standard input. The –p option makes it read as a prompt, meaning it doesn’t add a trailing newline before trying to read input.

What is P flag in mkdir?

p : A flag which enables the command to create parent directories as necessary. If the directories exist, no error is specified. Syntax: mkdirp [directories]

What does P do in bash?

What exactly does the “p” option of the `command` command in the bash shell do? command command in bash: Run command with arguments ignoring any shell function named command. The ‘-p‘ option means to use a default value for $PATH that is guaranteed to find all of the standard utilities.

What is read in Shell?

On Unix-like operating systems, read is a builtin command of the Bash shell. It reads a line of text from standard input and splits it into words. These words can then be used as the input for other commands.

How do you read in bash?

Bash read Built-in

The general syntax of the read built-in takes the following form: read [options] [name] To illustrate how the command works, open your terminal, type read var1 var2 , and hit “Enter”. The command will wait for the user to enter the input.

How do I run a shell script?

Steps to write and execute a script
  1. Open the terminal. Go to the directory where you want to create your script.
  2. Create a file with . sh extension.
  3. Write the script in the file using an editor.
  4. Make the script executable with command chmod +x <fileName>.
  5. Run the script using ./<fileName>.

How do I read a bash file?

Reading File Content Using Script
  1. #!/bin/bash.
  2. file=’read_file.txt’
  3. i=1.
  4. while read line; do.
  5. #Reading each line.
  6. echo “Line No. $ i : $line”
  7. i=$((i+1))
  8. done < $file.

How do I read a file in Linux?

There are various ways to open a file in a Linux system.

Open File in Linux

  1. Open the file using cat command.
  2. Open the file using less command.
  3. Open the file using more command.
  4. Open the file using nl command.
  5. Open the file using gnome-open command.
  6. Open the file using head command.
  7. Open the file using tail command.

How do I create a bash file?

Make a Bash Script Executable
  1. 1) Create a new text file with a . sh extension.
  2. 2) Add #!/bin/bash to the top of it. This is necessary for the “make it executable” part.
  3. 3) Add lines that you’d normally type at the command line.
  4. 4) At the command line, run chmod u+x YourScriptFileName.sh.
  5. 5) Run it whenever you need!

How do you create a file in Linux?

How to Create a File in Linux Using Terminal/Command Line
  1. Create a File with Touch Command.
  2. Create a New File With the Redirect Operator.
  3. Create File with cat Command.
  4. Create File with echo Command.
  5. Create File with printf Command.

What is make file in Linux?

A makefile is a special file, containing shell commands, that you create and name makefile (or Makefile depending upon the system). A makefile that works well in one shell may not execute properly in another shell. The makefile contains a list of rules. These rules tell the system what commands you want to be executed.

How do you create a file?

Create a file
  1. On your Android phone or tablet, open the Google Docs, Sheets, or Slides app.
  2. In the bottom right, tap Create .
  3. Choose whether to use a template or create a new file. The app will open a new file.