How to create controller in spring mvc

How do I create a controller in spring boot?

Application is the entry point which sets up Spring Boot application. The @SpringBootApplication annotation enables auto-configuration and component scanning. During the scanning process, the @Controller annotation is looked up and a Spring bean is created from the MyController class.

What is the controller in Spring MVC?

Typically, in Spring MVC, we write a controller class to handle requests coming from the client. Then, the controller invokes a business class to process business-related tasks, and then redirects the client to a logical view name, which is resolved by Spring’s dispatcher servlet in order to render results or output.

What is @controller in spring boot?

The @Controller annotation is a specialization of the generic stereotype @Component annotation, which allows a class to be recognized as a Spring-managed component. The @Controller annotation extends the use-case of @Component and marks the annotated class as a business or presentation layer.

Why controller is used in spring?

@Controller annotation is an annotation used in Spring MVC framework (the component of Spring Framework used to implement Web Application). The @Controller annotation indicates that a particular class serves the role of a controller. This class perform the business logic (and can call the services) by its method.

Where we can declare Spring MVC controller?

Spring MVC Controller Test

Our conventional servlet based Spring MVC application with a simple controller is ready, just export it as the WAR file and deploy on Tomcat or any other servlet container. Then go to URL https://localhost:8080/SpringController/hello and you should see the following screen as output.

What does @service do spring?

The @Component annotation marks a java class as a bean so the component-scanning mechanism of spring can pick it up and pull it into the application context. The @Service annotation is also a specialization of the component annotation. Indicates that an annotated class is aService” (e.g. a business service facade).

What is the difference between @service and @component in Spring?

Spring provides four different types of auto component scan annotations, they are @Component , @Service , @Repository and @Controller . Technically, there is no difference between them, but every auto component scan annotation should be used for a special purpose and within the defined layer.

What is the difference between @configuration and @component in Spring?

The main difference between these annotations is that @ComponentScan scans for Spring components while @EnableAutoConfiguration is used for auto-configuring beans present in the classpath in Spring Boot applications.

Can I use @component instead of @service?

We can use @Component across the application to mark the beans as Spring’s managed components. Spring only pick up and registers beans with @Component and doesn’t look for @Service and @Repository in general. @Service and @Repository are special cases of @Component.

What is difference between @component and @bean in spring?

It is used to explicitly declare a single bean, rather than letting Spring do it automatically. If any class is annotated with @Component it will be automatically detect by using classpath scan.

What is difference between @component and @service?

@Component is a generic stereotype for any Spring-managed component or bean. @Repository is a stereotype for the persistence layer. @Service is a stereotype for the service layer. @Controller is a stereotype for the presentation layer (spring-MVC).

What is difference between @configuration and @component?

@Component Indicates that an annotated class is a “component“. Such classes are considered as candidates for auto-detection when using annotation-based configuration and classpath scanning. @Configuration – It is like beans. @Component – You cannot autowire (@Autowired) any class if it is not marked with @Component.

What is @configuration in spring boot?

@Configuration annotation is used for Spring annotation based configuration. The @Configuration is a marker annotation which indicates that a class declares one or more @Bean methods and may be processed by the Spring container to generate bean definitions and service requests for those beans at runtime.

What is the use of @component?

@Component is an annotation that allows Spring to automatically detect our custom beans. In other words, without having to write any explicit code, Spring will: Scan our application for classes annotated with @Component. Instantiate them and inject any specified dependencies into them.

What is EnableAutoConfiguration?

Annotation Type EnableAutoConfiguration

Enable auto-configuration of the Spring Application Context, attempting to guess and configure beans that you are likely to need. Auto-configuration classes are usually applied based on your classpath and what beans you have defined. For example, if you have tomcat-embedded.

What is difference between @SpringBootApplication and EnableAutoConfiguration?

The @SpringBootApplication is a combination of three annotations @Configuration (used for Java-based configuration), @ComponentScan (used for component scanning), and @EnableAutoConfiguration (used to enable auto-configuration in Spring Boot).

What is @ComponentScan?

The @ComponentScan annotation is used with the @Configuration annotation to tell Spring the packages to scan for annotated components. When you specify basePackageClasses, Spring will scan the package (and subpackages) of the classes you specify.

What is @RestController?

Spring RestController annotation is a convenience annotation that is itself annotated with @Controller and @ResponseBody . This annotation is applied to a class to mark it as a request handler. Spring RestController annotation is used to create RESTful web services using Spring MVC.

What is @RequestMapping?

@RequestMapping is one of the most common annotation used in Spring Web applications. This annotation maps HTTP requests to handler methods of MVC and REST controllers. In this post, you’ll see how versatile the @RequestMapping annotation is when used to map Spring MVC controller methods.

What is difference between @controller and RestController?

The @Controller is a common annotation that is used to mark a class as Spring MVC Controller while @RestController is a special controller used in RESTFul web services and the equivalent of @Controller + @ResponseBody. 2.

How do you write a RestController?

  1. Step 1: Create the directory structure.
  2. Step 2: Update pom.
  3. Step 3: Add a Pojo/domain object.
  4. Step 4: Add a Controller.
  5. Step 5: Add Configuration Class.
  6. Step 6: Add Initialization class.
  7. Step 7: Build and Deploy the application.

How do I expose a REST API in spring boot?

How to Create a REST API With Spring Boot
  1. Create the Spring Boot Project.
  2. Define Database configurations.
  3. Create an Entity Class.
  4. Create JPA Data Repository layer.
  5. Create Rest Controllers and map API requests.
  6. Create Unit Testing for API requests and run the unit testing.
  7. Build and run the Project.

What is @GetMapping in spring boot?

Annotation for mapping HTTP GET requests onto specific handler methods. Specifically, @GetMapping is a composed annotation that acts as a shortcut for @RequestMapping(method = RequestMethod. GET) . Since: 4.3 Author: Sam Brannen See Also: PostMapping , PutMapping , DeleteMapping , PatchMapping , RequestMapping.