How to create a war file

What are the contents of WAR file?

Each WAR contains the servlets and/or JSP, a deployment descriptor, and related resource files. The WAR is the same format as a JavaARchive (JAR). However, an eXtensisible Markup Language (XML) deployment descriptor file must also be created. Static HTML files and JSP are stored at the top level of the WAR directory.

How do I extract a war file?

WAR file is just a JAR file, to extract it, just issue following jar command – “ jar -xvf yourWARfileName. war “.

How do I create a war file in STS?

Let’s get started:
  1. Create Dynamic Web Project in Eclipse, i.e. CrunchifyTutorial.
  2. Create simple . java file into your project, i.e. CrunchifyWarUsingMaven. java.
  3. Convert Java Project into Maven project in Eclipse.
  4. Add maven-war-plugin to pom. xml file.
  5. Run command clean install to generate . war file.

What does war File stand for?

In software engineering, a WAR file (Web Application Resource or Web application ARchive) is a file used to distribute a collection of JAR-files, JavaServer Pages, Java Servlets, Java classes, XML files, tag libraries, static web pages (HTML and related files) and other resources that together constitute a web

What Maven is used for?

Maven is a powerful project management tool that is based on POM (project object model). It is used for projects build, dependency and documentation. It simplifies the build process like ANT. But it is too much advanced than ANT.

Is maven like NPM?

Maven is the most popular build and dependency resolution tool for Java, just like NPM is for JS. But it’s not just the same tool for a different language. There are obviously huge differences between Java and JS builds, and these differences are directly visible in the way Maven operates.

Do we need to install Maven separately?

m2e has an embedded Maven, but you don’t have to use it. The m2eclipse is currently using the Embedder component from Maven 3.0. If you want to execute particular version of Maven installed elsewhere, you can do so from the Maven launch configuration or select it as default in Maven / Installations preference page.

Why pom XML is used?

It is an XML file that contains information about the project and configuration details used by Maven to build the project. When executing a task or goal, Maven looks for the POM in the current directory. It reads the POM, gets the needed configuration information, then executes the goal.

How POM XML is created?

xml. The POM contains information about the project and various configuration detail used by Maven to build the project(s). Before creating a POM, we should first decide the project group (groupId), its name (artifactId) and its version as these attributes help in uniquely identifying the project in repository.

Is Maven a tool?

Maven is a build automation tool used primarily for Java projects. Maven can also be used to build and manage projects written in C#, Ruby, Scala, and other languages. The Maven project is hosted by the Apache Software Foundation, where it was formerly part of the Jakarta Project.

What is POM file in selenium?

Page Object Model, also known as POM, is a design pattern in Selenium that creates an object repository for storing all web elements. It is useful in reducing code duplication and improves test case maintenance. In Page Object Model, consider each web page of an application as a class file.

Is POM a framework?

POM is a design pattern which is commonly used in Selenium for Automating the Test Cases. This design pattern can be used with any kind of framework like keyword-driven, Data-driven, hybrid framework, etc.

Is TestNG a framework?

TestNG is an open-source test automation framework for Java. It is developed on the same lines of JUnit and NUnit. Few advanced and useful features provided by TestNG makes it a more robust framework compared to its peers. The NG in TestNG stands for ‘Next Generation’.

How do I create a pom in selenium?

Import Statement – org.openqa.selenium.By: The import statement the By class, whose methods help locate web elements on a page. Next, a constructor public HomePage(WebDriver driver) is created, and WebDriver is passed as an argument. This constructor is called as soon as the object of the HomePage class is created.

How do I set up TestNG?

Step 1: Go to Eclipse help and click on the button to “Install New Software”. Step 2: Click the Add button and type “TestNG” as name and “” as a path. Step 3: Once you add the Path, you will notice a TestNG entry under the name.

Is cucumber better than selenium?

When it comes to Selenium vs. Cucumber, there are some key differences. Selenium is an automation tool for web apps, while Cucumber is an automation tool for behavior-driven development. Selenium executes UI tests while Cucumber does acceptance testing.

What scenarios Cannot be automated?

Here are some examples of test cases that cannot be automated: Exploratory tests. UX tests. UI tests.

Where we Cannot use selenium?

Few of them which I can list down are as follows: Bitmap comparison is not possible using Selenium WebDriver. Automating Captcha is not possible using Selenium WebDriver. We can not read bar code using Selenium WebDriver.

Can we automate all test cases?

It is impractical to automate all testing, so it is important to determine what test cases should be automated first. The benefit of automated testing is linked to how many times a given test can be repeated. Tests that are only performed a few times are better left for manual testing.

Can you automate everything if not give me a scenario where you Cannot automate?

No you can’t automate everything. Below are some of the cases where you cant use Automation. Look and Feel of Web Application.

Which is least required skill of a tester?

Least required skill of Tester – Roles in Software Testing – Good Programmer
  • a. Good Programmer.
  • b. Reliable.
  • c. Attention to details.
  • d. Being diplomatic.

When should we automate test cases?

Automated testing is perfect for repetitive tasks that are frequently done over and over within the application. If you find that the same features are constantly being added or same operations executed repeatedly, then the flexibility of automated tests can be a great time-saving solution.