## Can you build deck stairs without stringers?

To build deck steps without stringers, you are going to build each step as its own box frame. The wooden box frames will be stacked on top of each other. … Each higher box in the stack will be less deep than the one it sits on. Once fastened together these boxes will create the stairs.

## Are stair stringers required?

You’ll need at least one stringer for every 16 inches of stair width. If you’re using synthetic decking for the treads, some manufacturers require stringers to be spaced no more than 12 inches apart.

## How do you make box steps for a deck?

You will need one box for each step.
1. Build your bottom step twice as wide as a single step.
2. Build your top step as you would for a single step.
3. Fasten the two frames together, with the back framing members flush with each other.

## What is the formula for building steps?

You divide the height by 7 inches; if, say, the floor-to-floor distance is 8 feet, 10 inches (or 106 inches), then you’ll need 15 treads (106 divided by 7 equals 15.14). Next, you divide the height by the number of treads (15 into 106), producing the exact tread height (7.06 inches).

## How do I calculate how many steps I need for a deck?

To find the least number of steps for your deck, measure your deck height in inches at the stair location. Then divide by seven point eight seven five. You will get a whole or decimal number. Round down if it is a decimal and round up if it is a whole number.

## How thick should wood steps be?

Wood is the most common stair tread and must be at least one-inch thick on stairs supported by risers. Wood must be at least one-and-a-half inches thick when used with open risers. Building code states that stair treads must be thick enough to support a person going up or down the stairs.

## What is the standard height for outdoor steps?

You can choose what’s comfortable for you but generally outdoor steps have a rise of 5 ½ to 7 inches and a tread of 12 to 18 inches.

## What is code for deck stairs?

Requirements for Deck Stairs

Stair rails on decks should be between 34 inches and 38 inches high, measured vertically from the nose of the tread to the top of the rail. Treads must be at least 10 inches deep, measuring from front to back.

## What size lumber is used for stair stringers?

2x12s
The stair stringers are essentially the backbone of your staircase. Always use straight, high-quality, pressure-treated 2x12s for stair stringers. If you are planning on resting the stringer on the ground, make sure the wood has .

## Does a deck have to have a ledger board?

The deck needs to be connected to, and built off of, a ledger board, which is attached to the wall. … A deck will have to support a lot of weight — furniture, barbecue, people — so this is not the job for nails, or even screws, which do not have the sheer strength for this job.

## Do you need a railing for 3 steps?

A: Editorial Adviser Mike Guertin replies: Since your stairs will have only three risers, you don’t need to install a handrail. That said, it’s important to count the number of risers accurately.

## Are risers required on deck stairs?

Most high-end deck projects use closed risers to finish the stairs. … They also are often in violation of IRC code for decks over 30″, which maintains that they meet the same requirements as guardrail infill. Stair risers may not have openings present that would allow a 4” diameter sphere to pass through.

## What is a non Ledger deck?

A freestanding deck is a self-supporting deck structure built independently from a house wall ledger board attachment. Some freestanding decks stand alone in an open area. Above-ground pool decks are often built freestanding in this fashion.