How to create xpath with variable in selenium

Can we use variable in XPath?

The variable element introduces a variable to be used in XPath expression in the subtree of the parent to the variable element. The name of the variable. This is a xsd:QName. [XPath 1.0] expression which is the value assigned to the variable.

How do you add variables in XPath?

String newUser = “NewUser123”; driver. findElement(By. xpath(“//td[normalize-space(text())=**newUser**]/a”)). click();

How do you pass a parameter into XPath?

2 Answers
  1. Create a SimpleVariableContext, and call context. setVariableValue(“val”, “value1”) to assign a value to that variable.
  2. On your BaseXPath object, call . setVariableContext() to pass in the context you assigned.
  3. Inside your expression, use /a/b/c[x=$val]/y to refer to that value.

How do you use %s in XPath?

xpath((“//div[contains(text(),’%s‘)]/following-sibling::div//input”)) the text is passed at runtime as only the text vary in the locator. It’s called wildcard. clickMyId(‘testId’); The overall goal of the %s is not using the string concatenation, but to use it injected into a string.

What is XPath example?

xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>

XPath Example.

XPath Expression Result
//title[@lang=’en’] Selects all the title elements that have a “lang” attribute with a value of “en”
/bookstore/book[price>35.00] Selects all the book elements of the bookstore element that have a price element with a value greater than 35.00

Why * is used in XPath?

Below mentioned : XPatht’s for Gmail Password field are true what is significance of * ? This would select all element nodes descending from the current node which @id -attribute-value is equal to ‘Passwd’. This would select all child-element nodes named input which @type -attribute-values are equal to ‘password’.

What * means in XPath?

XPath is practically used for locating XML nodes. // : Select current node. tag: Tagname of the particular node. Also, “*” is for searching any tag in the xml structure. @: Select attribute.

What are the types of XPath?

There are two types of XPath:
  • Absolute XPath.
  • Relative XPath.

How do I use XPath in text?

Using XPathtext() method, we can write the Java code along with the dynamic XPath location as: findElement(By. xpath(“//*[text()=’Google offered in’)]”));

How do I start with XPath?

4) Xpath Starts-with

In this method, the starting text of the attribute is matched to find the element whose attribute value changes dynamically. You can also find elements whose attribute value is static (not changes). and so on.. but the initial text is same. In this case, we use Start-with expression.

How do you write XPath?

Using Basic XPath

This is the common and syntactical approach of writing the XPath in Selenium which is the combination of a tagname and attribute value. Here are few basic XPath examples in Selenium: Xpath=//input [@name=’password’] Xpath=//a [@href= ‘’]

How do I know if XPath is correct?

From Console panel
  1. Press F12 to open up Chrome DevTools.
  2. Switch to Console panel.
  3. Type in XPath like $x(“.//header”) to evaluate and validate.
  4. Type in CSS selectors like $$(“header”) to evaluate and validate.
  5. Check results returned from console execution. If elements are matched, they will be returned in a list.

How does ChroPath find XPath?

If ChroPath is not visible then click on the arrow icon >>. ChroPath will be shown as last tab in sidebar. To generate XPath inspect element or click on any dom node, it will generate the absolute and relative XPath selector for the selected node. To evaluate XPath, type the XPath query and press enter key.

Which is best locator in selenium?

IDs are the safest locator option and should always be your first choice. By W3C standards, it should be unique in the page meaning you will never have a problem with finding more than one element matching the locator.

Which is faster XPath or ID?

Technically speaking, By.ID() is the faster technique because at its root, the call goes down to document. getElementById(), which is optimized by most browsers. But, finding elements using XPath is better for locating elements having complex selectors, and is no doubt the most flexible selection strategy.

Which XPath is faster?

CSSSelector Locator

CSS Selector is best option if web element has no ID and name. CSS is faster than XPath.

What is Dom in selenium?

DOM stands for Document Object Model. In simple words, DOM specifies the structural representation of HTML elements. There are four ways through which we can identify and locate a web element using DOM.

How do you get Dom in selenium?

There are 2 ways to get the HTML source of a web element using Selenium: Method #1 – Read the innerHTML attribute to get the source of the content of the element. innerHTML is a property of a DOM element whose value is the HTML that exists in between the opening tag and ending tag.

Is cucumber better than selenium?

Cucumber testing is less reliable as compared to Selenium and QTP. The process of Selenium makes testing more reliable and dependable. Cucumber works very fast in Plugin. Selenium works slower in Plugin than Cucumber.

Is cucumber a UI test?

Cucumber is a great tool in checking the behavior of a feature at the API layer with integration tests where each feature can be thoroughly tested. This tool should be used for Story Testing. UI Tests should cover user/business scenarios and not single features.

Is Selenium a BDD?

Behavior-driven Development (BDD) is an agile software development practice that enhances the paradigm of Test Driven Development (TDD) and acceptance tests, and encourages the collaboration between developers, quality assurance, domain experts, and stakeholders.